Capital Gains Tax on Property in Australia

Capital Gains Tax on Property in Australia

Capital gains tax (CGT) is a crucial consideration for anyone buying, selling, or investing in property in Australia. Understanding how CGT works can help you make informed decisions and potentially save money. Here’s what you need to know about CGT on property in Australia.

What is Capital Gains Tax?

Capital gains tax is the tax you pay on the profit from the sale of an asset, such as property. In Australia, CGT is part of your income tax, and the gain is added to your assessable income in the year the asset is sold.

How is CGT Calculated on Property?

  1. Determine the Capital Gain: The capital gain is the difference between the property’s selling price and its cost base. The cost base includes the purchase price, associated purchase costs (like stamp duty, legal fees), and any capital improvement costs.
  2. Calculate the CGT: If you’ve held the property for more than 12 months, you may be eligible for a 50% discount on the capital gain. This means you only pay tax on half of the capital gain.

For example:

  • Purchase price: $500,000
  • Selling price: $700,000
  • Capital gain: $200,000
  • Discounted gain (if applicable): $100,000
  1. Add to Income: The discounted gain is added to your assessable income and taxed at your marginal tax rate.

Exemptions and Concessions

  1. Primary Residence Exemption: If the property is your main residence, you might be exempt from CGT. However, this exemption has specific criteria that must be met.
  2. Partial Exemption: If the property was your main residence for part of the time, you might be eligible for a partial exemption.
  3. Small Business Concessions: There are additional CGT concessions available for small business owners, which can significantly reduce the tax payable.

Important Considerations

  1. Record Keeping: Maintain detailed records of all costs associated with purchasing, holding, and improving the property. This documentation is vital for accurately calculating the cost base.
  2. Timing: The timing of the sale can impact the CGT payable. Selling in a financial year where your income is lower can reduce the tax rate on the capital gain.
  3. Professional Advice: Consulting with a tax professional or accountant can help you navigate the complexities of CGT, ensuring you take advantage of all available exemptions and concessions.


Understanding the intricacies of capital gains tax on property in Australia can save you money and ensure compliance with tax laws. Proper planning and advice are essential for maximizing your financial outcomes.

Need help navigating capital gains tax on your property? Contact us at 1300 952 286, email, or visit for professional guidance tailored to your situation.

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